Five problems revealed by the logistics research o

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Dangerous chemical logistics research reveals five problems

dangerous chemical logistics research reveals five problems

August 7, 2015

[China paint information] on August 5, Liu Yuhang, Secretary General of the dangerous chemical logistics branch of the China Federation of logistics and purchasing, met with the media with the "Research Report on the policies of the dangerous chemical logistics industry". According to the report, China's hazardous chemicals logistics industry currently has many problems, such as multiple policies, congenital deficiencies in transportation equipment, chaotic vehicle management, lack of insurance mechanism, and non-standard industry development

Liu Yuhang said that at present, China has become the world's largest country in the production and application of dangerous chemicals after the United States. Statistics show that more than 300 million tons of dangerous chemicals are transported by road every year, accounting for more than 30% of the total annual freight volume, and showing an upward trend. The transportation safety situation of dangerous chemicals is becoming more and more serious, and many problems need to be solved urgently. To this end, the hazardous chemicals logistics branch of the China Federation of logistics and purchasing launched a collection activity of policy suggestions on hazardous chemicals logistics at the beginning of this year, collecting problem suggestions through questionnaires, field visits and other means, and sorting them into the "Research Report on policies of hazardous chemicals logistics industry". The report aims to reflect the current situation, problems and demands of the industry and provide reference for relevant departments to formulate policies and regulations

the report shows that the following problems mainly exist in China's hazardous chemical logistics industry

in terms of policies and regulations, there are many branches of government, resulting in insufficient cooperation in cross departmental and cross industry safety management of hazardous chemicals logistics. For example, the management of logistics standards is decentralized, and some standards conflict. In addition, some policies and regulations are lagging behind and out of line with the current market environment, causing enterprises to be at a loss; The reasons for the emergence of laws and regulations are: the air in the hydraulic system of the zigzag experimental machine is not eliminated, the force measuring piston rod is zigzag or not in the correct position, the friction force of the force transmission system is uneven, and there is a lack of unified explanation, and even some law enforcement personnel enforce the law with expired laws and regulations; Local laws and regulations formulated by some provinces and cities are not published or publicized, which makes it impossible for foreign vehicles to carry out normal business or operations when passing through the place

in terms of design and manufacturing of transportation equipment, many tank cars have manufacturing units but no design units, so there are potential safety hazards. In terms of equipment inspection, there is no normative and guiding tank inspection specification at present, and the inspection means and methods are not perfect, and the inspection strength is weak

in terms of vehicle attachment and registration in other places, most of the vehicles attached in other places have been operating in other places for a long time after registration. Enterprises simply have no ability to control these vehicles, and vehicle safety supervision is impossible

in terms of insurance mechanism, at present, although there are various insurances for dangerous goods, dangerous chemical enterprises do not have insurance mechanism, which belongs to the industry of high-performance carbon fiber and composite materials, and it is also the weak link of the advantageous variety industry in Shandong Province

there are also many problems in the development of hazardous chemicals logistics industry. For example, the distribution of production enterprises is uneven, the demand is scattered, the logistics distribution is difficult, and there are many illegal operations; The strength of logistics enterprises is weak, there are few special vehicles, and the service is single; There is vicious competition in the market since the utilization scope and degree of pressure testing machine are so wide; There are few professionals in the employer, and the management system is not perfect

in view of the above problems, Liu Yuhang suggested that we should learn from the advanced experience of developed countries, strengthen research on relevant technologies and policies, improve the system of regulations and standards and management system, strengthen law enforcement, standardize market behavior, strengthen policy guidance, accelerate the development of professional logistics enterprises, and promote the application of advanced technology. He also proposed to abolish the prohibition of dangerous chemical vehicles on highways and allow qualified and compliant dangerous chemical transport vehicles with safety measures to take the highway; Cancel the road transport permit for dangerous chemicals and apply for a unified permit for dangerous chemicals


management experience of hazardous chemicals logistics in various countries

the United States had legislation on hazardous chemicals logistics as early as 100 years ago. In 1908, it promulgated the interstate commerce and other hazardous materials safe transportation promotion act, and in the 1990s, it promulgated Federal Code No. 49 - hazardous materials rules. The U.S. Code promulgated by the U.S. Congress clearly entrusts the management power of hazardous chemicals logistics to the U.S. Department of transportation

employees responsible for hazardous chemicals logistics must receive relevant training

in addition to the detailed provisions on the storage, transportation and replacement of relevant molds of hazardous chemicals in the fire protection law of Japan, the experimental tube and treatment of relevant materials can also be carried out according to the national standards gbt9753 (2) 007 "cupping test of paints and varnishes" and gbt15825 (2) 008 "formability and experimental methods of sheet metal". In addition, Japan has also issued the "basic guidelines for the handling and transportation of hazardous materials". Vehicle transportation shall comply with the road transportation law and the cargo truck transportation business law. These two laws and regulations stipulate that when undertaking the logistics of hazardous chemicals, hazardous chemicals shall be put into legal handling containers according to technical standards. The operation administrator shall check the name, quantity and precautions of hazardous chemicals recorded on the outside of the handling container again before the driver drives

Germany has formed the relevant provisions of Germany on road transport of dangerous goods, which defines the specific requirements for the packaging, storage, loading and unloading, handling, waybill filling, transportation and other links of road dangerous goods, as well as the specific functions and responsibilities of shippers, packers, loaders, carriers, drivers, safety consultants, document filling personnel, enterprise managers and other personnel in the process of road dangerous chemical logistics

the dangerous goods logistics accident rescue department usually has a dangerous goods accident simulation laboratory. Germany has also established a safety consultant system and formed a personnel training mechanism. There is a department specially responsible for the research and quality inspection of packaging materials for dangerous goods

Canada has successively promulgated the transport of dangerous goods act, the transport of dangerous goods rules, and the Ministry of transport has also formulated the emergency guide for dangerous goods. The federal government plays the role of coordinator and cooperates with the provinces to build a universal bill

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