Five policies and measures are the key to the impl

2022-09-29
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Five policies and measures are the key to the implementation of photovoltaic goals

the national energy work conference was held in Beijing, and eight important tasks for 2013 were identified, among which the vigorous development of new and renewable energy was put in a prominent position. It was proposed to increase the installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation by 10million kW in 2013, and it was reiterated to vigorously develop distributed photovoltaic power generation

The latest data released by the National Energy Administration shows that by the end of 2012, China has become the world's largest energy producer. The installed capacity of electric power in China reached 1.14 billion kw. Among them, the installed hydropower capacity reached 249million kW, ranking first in the world. The installed capacity of wind power has reached 63 million KW, making it the world's largest wind power country. The installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation reached 7million kW. The scale of nuclear power under construction ranks first in the world

the target of new installed capacity in 2013, especially the photovoltaic installed capacity, has been significantly higher than before: the annual new installed capacity of hydropower is 21million kW, the installed capacity of wind power is 18million kW, and the installed capacity of photovoltaic power generation is 10million kW. Previously, the goal of renewable energy in the 12th Five year plan was that the installed capacity of photovoltaic power would reach 21million kW in 2015, while it had reached 7million kW in 2012. According to this plan, 14million kW would be added in the next three years, with an average annual increase of about 4.7 million KW. The goal now set has more than doubled this average. Then in the next two years, only 4million kW of new installed capacity will be added? Obviously impossible. Therefore, if this is followed, the photovoltaic installed capacity during the 12th Five Year Plan will be larger. In fact, many photovoltaic manufacturers in China are still alive, and some enterprises are even expanding production capacity. With the opening of the domestic market, huge production capacity is waiting to be released. Therefore, according to this thinking, the real installed capacity this year may be higher than this

the newly installed capacity of 10million kW a year can indeed consume a large proportion of the capacity of domestic photovoltaic modules and batteries, reduce dependence on foreign markets, and help the photovoltaic industry tide over the crisis. With the improvement of technology, the construction of new energy demonstration cities and the improvement of distributed photovoltaic integration policies, the development speed of photovoltaic power generation will also accelerate

developing distributed photovoltaic is not easy

but distributed photovoltaic power generation is not easy. The construction cost of distributed photovoltaic is still high, and the economy is poor compared with conventional energy. However, the light resources in the eastern region with great potential are not very good, which further reduces the economy of distributed photovoltaic. Only with the further support of national policies can it develop, that is, without sufficient subsidies, the construction enthusiasm will not be too high. In China, subsidies for photovoltaic projects, such as the golden sun project, are subsidized before the construction of photovoltaic power stations. It is inevitable that some places take subsidies. After the subsidies are exhausted, the power stations can only be exposed to the sun, and they cannot generate electricity at all

distributed photovoltaic is a revolutionary thing. Although Guodian expressed its "welcome, support and service", which seems to be actively supported, it is still difficult to realize it. Although distributed generation has been very mature in foreign countries, China's power system is different from that in foreign countries. China's power system has been built on the basis of large power supply and large current, which is a one-way flow from power supply to users. However, if a domestic pa6/pa66 distributed power supply such as Jinmin development is established at the user end, it will bring revolutionary changes to the management of power system. It's not just the state of the national electricity meter that can be achieved. We have to really transform electricity and change many mechanisms. The simple six word truth is actually a big project. Otherwise, how can it be called revolution

why should we improve photovoltaic development goals? Is it taking the consumption of excess capacity as an opportunity to promote clean energy power generation? It looks like it, but is it true? The actual situation may be far more complicated than this. In fact, China's photovoltaic industry is driven by European and American countries. Their subsidies for photovoltaic power generation have driven the enthusiasm of photovoltaic power generation, and their demand for photovoltaic cells has increased rapidly, which has also driven China's photovoltaic industry, creating a myth of sudden wealth. Many places in China blindly invest and have a serious excess output. With the arrival of the financial crisis, nightmares follow one after another, and the "double anti" investigations are frequent, and the road of China's photovoltaic export is becoming narrower and narrower. China can only rapidly expand the domestic market, change the way of subsidies, and change the project subsidies into power generation subsidies,. We hope to increase the domestic PV installation capacity and carry out structural adjustment. It is beyond reproach to improve the installation target, but we still need to make more efforts to make the PV industry develop healthily

On December 19 last year, Premier Wen Jiabao chaired a State Council executive meeting to study and determine policies and measures to promote the healthy development of the photovoltaic industry

the five policy measures are:

(make life more wonderful I) accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure and technological progress. We should make good use of the "forced mechanism" of the market, encourage enterprises to merge and reorganize, eliminate backward production capacity, and improve the level of technology and equipment. Strictly control polysilicon, photovoltaic cells and module projects that simply expand production capacity in Xinshang

(II) standardize the order of industrial development. Strengthen the coordination between photovoltaic power generation planning and supporting power planning, and establish a simple and efficient parallel service system. Establish and improve the technical standard system, strengthen market supervision, and implement the compulsory testing and certification system for key equipment

(III) actively explore the domestic photovoltaic application market. Strive to promote distributed photovoltaic power generation, encourage units, communities and households to install and use photovoltaic power generation systems, and orderly promote the construction of photovoltaic power stations. Strengthen international cooperation, consolidate and expand the international market

(IV) improve support policies. According to the resource conditions, formulate the benchmark electricity price of photovoltaic power stations in different regions, implement the policy of electricity subsidy for distributed photovoltaic power generation, and reasonably reduce the upper electricity price and subsidy standard according to the cost changes. Improve the mechanism of central financial funds to support photovoltaic development, and implement the same value-added tax preferential policies as wind power for photovoltaic power station projects

(V) give full play to the role of market mechanism, reduce government intervention and prohibit local protection

we should speed up industrial restructuring and technological progress, and strictly control polysilicon, photovoltaic cells and module projects that simply expand production capacity in Xinshang. This is very necessary in general, because the power generation cost of photovoltaic power stations is much higher than that of traditional energy, and they are even more polluting when manufactured. To promote the development of renewable energy, on the one hand, it is the development of scale, and more importantly, it is the development of technology. We should promote its gradual economy and competitiveness. If we blindly subsidize projects and do not pay attention to the improvement of technical equipment, there will be more and more projects. At that time, power generation will be uneconomical, and the problem will become more and more serious, and the whole society will have to pay for it

the coordination between photovoltaic power generation planning and supporting power planning should be strengthened, and market supervision should be strengthened. Blindly planning can only be said to drive the construction of more power stations. Power generation from power stations can only be delivered to consumers through electricity. If electricity construction cannot keep up, these power stations are built in vain. Now many photovoltaic power stations are in the sun. How many are actually generating electricity? Therefore, power generation planning must be coordinated with power planning. On the one hand, we should speed up power construction, and on the other hand, we should not blindly build photovoltaic power stations. It is also important to strengthen supervision. Now many photovoltaic cells are actually shoddy, and their service life is simply not as long as they say. As the branch changes with the growth or slowdown of relevant industries, the development of distributed photovoltaic will increase the demand for some new equipment, which is also the object of key supervision, otherwise it will bring harm to electrical safety

it is very important to develop the domestic photovoltaic application market when the foreign market is blocked, but we cannot only focus on the domestic market. After all, the domestic photovoltaic market has just been opened, and the mechanism is far less perfect than that of developed countries. There are still many problems to be solved, so the focus should still be on the international market, and at least two preparations should be made. There are also many emerging markets in the world now. For example, Japan launched a 42 yen tax/kwh solar power purchase price last year and went on the road in July last year, pushing Japan to become a fast-growing market highly noticed in the global solar industry. The so-called thin camel is bigger than the horse. Under the existing subsidy framework, the European market still has profit space for investors in housing and large-scale photovoltaic projects. In addition, the main photovoltaic markets in Europe have approached the same price of market electricity. Even without subsidies, photovoltaic projects can still bring profits in some regions

it is also important to improve the price mechanism. The benchmark electricity price needs to be adjusted, and it can't be the same everywhere. Where light resources are good, more encouragement should be given. Where light resources are bad, the construction of photovoltaic power stations is a waste, which should be differentiated. The benchmark price of photovoltaic power stations should be formulated according to the resource conditions. The subsidy method also needs to be adjusted, and it cannot be subsidized according to the project, because if the subsidized project does not generate electricity, it is a white subsidy, so it should still be subsidized to generate electricity, and the amount of electricity generated should be subsidized. And in fact, it is also done in foreign countries, which is also scientific, because if you want to generate more electricity, you must maintain it, improve technology, improve conversion efficiency, and strive to reduce costs. Only by generating electricity can you really create economic value

China's photovoltaic enterprises have not observed the changes in the international market situation, resulting in the rapid expansion of production capacity at the critical moment, and the huge industrial chain is difficult to cope with the sudden changes. In addition, the local government has launched photovoltaic parks in pursuit of GDP and blindly launched projects to help the flames to a certain extent. It is unclear whether the Enterprises kidnapped the local government or the local government itself. Photovoltaic industry is a completely competitive industry, mainly the invisible hand in the development of the leading industry. Therefore, in the final analysis, we should give full play to the role of market mechanism and reduce government intervention. Photovoltaic enterprises cannot always place their hopes on the government, otherwise they will lose the ability to resist risks that an enterprise should have. If they want to truly gain a foothold in the market, they have to rely on themselves

what the government should do is to cultivate the market, subsidize end consumption, and let the market mechanism survive. In fact, Europe and the United States have maintained financial support for green industries, green new technologies and energy development since the 1980s. It is only consumer subsidies used to cultivate the green energy market, so foreign countries are basically unable to defend their countervailing investigations. China is an industrial and enterprise type special subsidy, which is contrary to the principles of the world trade organization. It believes that it affects the fair and just competition of enterprises, so it is particularly easy to incur anti subsidy and anti-monopoly investigations. The government promotes the development of green energy, and the most important two are: the first is to maintain a legal and fair market environment, which is the first. Local government subsidized projects or enterprises will inevitably lead to local or related products being only purchased by all localities, and only the products of their own companies being sold, which will hinder fair competition, and will inevitably lead to local blockade and protection of backward production capacity, which will never be done well. Subsidized power generation terminals will be able to selectively purchase low-cost, technologically advanced equipment, maintain a good market environment, and be conducive to innovation, Protect intellectual property rights and promote the development of clean energy in China. China's electricity subsidies are in the right direction, but to truly develop China's photovoltaic power generation, we still need to

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